National Policies and West Virginia State Law
National/International Fraternity & Sorority standards
In concert with or in lieu of college action, the chapter's alumni and/or national/international organization may also impose sanctions. These consequences may include disbanding or re-colonizing the chapter. Many national/international organizations adhere to the definition of hazing developed by
The Fraternity Insurance Purchasing Group:
"Any action taken or situation created, intentionally, whether on or off fraternity premises, to produce mental or physical discomfort, embarrassment, harassment, or ridicule. Such activities may include but are not limited to the following: use of alcohol; paddling in any form; creation of excessive fatigue; physical and psychological shocks; quests, treasure hunts, scavenger hunts, road trips or any other such activities carried on outside or inside of the confines of the chapter house; wearing of public apparel which is conspicuous and not normally in good taste; engaging in public stunts and buffoonery; morally degrading or humiliating games and activities; and any other activities which are not consistent with fraternal law, ritual or policy or the regulations and policies of the educational institution.
West Virginia State Law - Senate Bill No. 53
That chapter eighteen of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended by adding thereto a new article, designated article sixteen, relating to education; higher education; creating the antihazing law; providing definitions; prohibiting hazing; providing for enforcement by institutions; and providing civil and criminal penalties.
This article shall be known and may be cited as "anti-hazing"
1. (a) "Hazing" means to cause any action of situation which recklessly or intentionally endangers the mental or physical health or safety of another person or persons or causes another person or persons to destroy or remove public or private property for the purpose of initiation or admission into or affiliation with, or as condition for continued membership in, any organization operating under the sanction of or recognized as an organization by an institution of higher education. The term includes, but is not limited to, any brutality of physical nature such as whipping, beating, branding, forced consumption of any food liquor, drug or other substance, or any other forced physical activity which could adversely affect the physical health and safety of the individual or individuals, and includes any activity which would subject the individual or individuals to extreme mental stress, such as sleep deprivation, forced exclusion from social contact, force conduct which could result in extreme embarrassment, or any other forced activity which could adversely affect the mental health or dignity of the individual or individuals, or any willful destruction or removal of public or private property: Provided, that the implied or expressed consent or willingness of a person or persons to hazing shall not be a defense under this section.
(b) "Institution of higher education" or "institution" means any public or private institution as defined in section two, article one, chapter eighteen-b of this code.
18-16-3 Hazing prohibited
Any person or persons who causes hazing is guilty of a Misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined no less that one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or confined in a county or regional jail, not more than nine months, or both fined and imprisoned: Provided, that if the act would otherwise be deemed a felony as defined in this code, the person committing such act may be found guilty of such felony and be subject to penalties provided for such felony.
18-16-4 Enforcement by institution.
(a) Anti-hazing policy. -The university of West Virginia board of trustees created pursuant to article two, chapter eighteen-b of this code and the board of directors of the state college system created pursuant to article three of said chapter shall by the first day of August, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, promulgate guidelines for antihazing policies.
(b) Enforcement and penalties. -
(1) Each institution shall provide a program for the enforcement of such rules and shall adopt appropriate penalties for violations of such rules to be administered by the person of agency at the institution responsible for the sanctioning of recognition of such organizations.
(2) In the case of an organization which authorizes hazing in blatant disregard of such rules, penalties may also include recision of permission for that organization to operate on campus property or to otherwise operate under the sanction or recognition of the institution
(3) All penalties imposed under the authority of this section shall be in addition to any penalty imposed for violation of section three of this article or of any of the criminal laws of this state or for violation of any other institutional rule to which the violator may be subject.
(4) Rules adopted pursuant hereto apply to acts conducted on or off campus whenever such acts are deemed to constitute hazing.